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Can flood-prone Bangladesh ‘local weather proof’ garment jobs in a warming world?




For Bangladeshi garment and textile producer DBL Group, local weather change is a rising risk it can’t afford to disregard.

Mohammed Zahidullah, chief sustainability officer for the enterprise which employs about 35,000 staff at its factories close to Dhaka, mentioned a heatwave dented productiveness final 12 months, whereas riverside fabric-dyeing factories face worsening flooding dangers.

“A big-scale flood just like the one not too long ago witnessed in Pakistan may spell havoc for our trade,” he warned at DBL’s workplace constructing in Gulshan district, which maximises the usage of daylight together with with sensors to avoid wasting on electrical energy.

That is a technique the corporate – whose multinational shoppers embody H&M, Walmart-George and Puma – is enjoying its half to rein in world warming, together with deploying know-how that recovers warmth from turbines to warmth water and planting bushes to alleviate excessive warmth for its workforce.

But, throughout the garment trade, measures to deal with local weather change stay insufficient, mentioned Ahmmed Zulfiqar Rahaman, a local weather professional at Bangladesh’s Heart for Environmental and Geographic Data Companies (CEGIS).

Warmth stress exacerbated by local weather change could cause a mean lack of 2%-2.5% in each day work hours, he famous.

In the summertime, garment staff typically expertise signs like complications, fatigue or nausea because of warmth, hampering productiveness within the nation’s important export sector that employs round 4.5 million staff, 60% of them ladies, in keeping with a latest examine by researchers at Australia’s Griffith College.

They embody single mom Shopna Akter, 27, who felt dizzy and weak within the rising warmth and referred to as in sick one busy morning final month on the garment manufacturing unit the place she works in northern Dhaka, despite the fact that she knew it will value the dear revenue she must feed her seven-year-old.

Offering higher air flow and cooling on the manufacturing unit flooring and making water obtainable to staff are among the many measures urged within the Griffith College examine.

A January report from Finnwatch, a Finnish NGO that promotes accountable enterprise conduct, highlighted how garment staff – lots of them migrants from disaster-prone rural areas – face more and more sizzling and humid circumstances of their city workplaces.

Most are low-skilled and would battle to seek out different jobs if employment shrinks within the attire sector because of automation of producing processes and efforts by Western manufacturers to maneuver their provide chains nearer, warned the report on a “simply transition” for the Bangladesh garment trade.

Inexperienced stress

Stress on clothes factories to undertake greener manufacturing strategies and to guard their staff and operations from the detrimental results of local weather change is coming largely from world manufacturers, in addition to regulation in key export markets.

The European Union is the most important vacation spot for Bangladesh’s attire exports, importing $13.73 billion value of clothes from July 2022 to January 2023.

Because the EU steps up local weather motion, corporations are being required to report on planet-heating carbon emissions not solely from their direct operations but in addition these attributable to their provide chains, often called “scope 3” emissions.

A 12 months in the past, the European Fee additionally revealed a method for sustainable textiles, laying out a imaginative and prescient to spice up recycling and inexperienced measures within the world textile sector.

One main model ratcheting up such efforts is Sweden-based multinational vogue retailer H&M, the largest clothes purchaser from Bangladesh, with purchases value $3.5 billion in 2021.

H&M spokesman Iñigo Sáenz Maestre informed Context the corporate’s largest sources of emissions are uncooked supplies and manufacturing.

“Reducing our dependency on virgin supplies and maximising the usage of recycled supplies, which represents a share of 23% immediately, is a precedence for us,” he mentioned by electronic mail.

The World Financial institution Group’s Worldwide Finance Company (IFC) runs a programme that helps factories in Bangladesh to take measures to curb their environmental and local weather impacts.

The Partnership for Cleaner Textile (PaCT) has helped greater than 400 factories cut back water use equal to the annual wants of just about 1 million folks and to chop greenhouse gases equal to taking greater than 100,000 automobiles off the street, mentioned Nishat Shahid Chowdhury, operations officer at IFC Bangladesh.

Greater than 180 garment factories in Bangladesh have obtained LEED certification, a global normal for inexperienced buildings, the best for any nation’s garment trade.

Labour: The lacking hyperlink

Because the deadly Rana Plaza catastrophe a decade in the past, when a Dhaka garment manufacturing unit advanced collapsed killing greater than 1,130 staff, there was a drive for larger transparency and accountability within the trade’s provide chains.

BRAC College’s “Mapped in Bangladesh” initiative tracks greater than 3,700 attire factories nationwide and supplies an open data system that may information manufacturers on how factories are approaching security and sustainability points.

The map’s builders at the moment are working so as to add an environmental dimension by itemizing which suppliers have inexperienced certifications such because the International Recycled Normal and Nordic Ecolabel.

But, regardless of efforts to fill supply-chain data gaps, specialists say it’s unclear how rising worldwide stress for a greener garment sector will have an effect on staff.

Lasse Leipola, a local weather coverage specialist with Finnwatch, mentioned stronger regulation in Europe will affect the procurement wants of European corporations, bringing each optimistic and detrimental adjustments for staff alongside worth chains.

“For some staff, this will imply that they want new abilities – for others it implies that they could have to hunt employment elsewhere,” he mentioned.

Ahsan Mansur, government director of the Coverage Analysis Institute of Bangladesh (PRI), an financial think-tank, mentioned new compliance necessities imposed by worldwide vogue manufacturers may show a heavy burden for smaller factories particularly.

It may drive consolidation within the sector, favouring giant companies with the means to fulfill stricter export calls for.

However rising manufacturing volumes general will possible compensate for job losses linked to automation, digitalisation and inexperienced compliance, he added.

Equipping staff

Chowdhury, from IFC, mentioned corporations would want to compete in world markets to draw vogue manufacturers with their sustainability credentials.

“What this implies is that inexperienced investments can create extra job alternatives, a few of which require new abilities and pays extra,” she mentioned.

Trend manufacturers, for his or her half, may play an even bigger position by means of actions like contributing a small share of their garment gross sales to assist inexperienced reforms in Bangladesh and provide higher alternatives for staff, specialists mentioned.

Some present coaching programmes backed by manufacturers and worldwide businesses may additionally assist. One initiative supported by H&M, for instance, supplies ladies staff with abilities for a future formed by automation.

Nazma Akhter, a former youngster garment employee who leads the Awaj Basis which advocates for labour rights, mentioned such programmes are good however principally voluntary, standalone efforts.

“We want central insurance policies and a sustained strategic method to correctly equip staff for the approaching challenges,” together with an even bigger voice for them in decision-making, mentioned Akter, who can be president of the United Garment Employees Federation.

Leslie Johnston, CEO of the Laudes Basis, which helps the Thomson Reuters Basis’s reporting on “simply transition”, mentioned nationwide coverage would play “a vital position in how the (garment) sector adapts to the quickly altering context of the style trade, what this implies for staff and their households, and the way, in the end we are able to ‘local weather proof’ the tens of millions of jobs in Bangladesh”.

Hepping migrants

Monjur Moin, a pacesetter on the Garment Employees Commerce Union Centre, mentioned that with out higher employment phrases, together with a residing wage, “greening of provide chains might not imply a lot”.

Many garment staff are migrants who moved to Dhaka and its surrounding areas as a result of they lack good job alternatives of their hometowns or their native livelihoods equivalent to farming have been eroded because of local weather change, famous Rahaman of CEGIS.

Providing higher housing and providers like youngster and healthcare at an inexpensive price might be a key means to assist staff adapt as they relocate, mentioned PRI’s Mansur.

Even the city areas the place they now eke out a residing shall be hit by warming impacts within the close to future, researchers warn.

A examine by Cornell College’s International Labor Institute confirmed that, with out local weather motion, 35% of Bangladesh’s apparel-producing areas might be flooded recurrently by 2030.

Specialists burdened the necessity to put together for rising dangers.

“The federal government has to assume strategically and plan for addressing the issues confronted by the city poor and dealing lessons in opposition to the backdrop of local weather change,” mentioned Mansur.

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Sadapay brings Apple Pay to Pakistan



LAHORE: Sadapay has introduced that it has built-in with Apple Pay for invoicing with freelancers. This permits iPhone customers globally to simply and rapidly pay freelancers in Pakistan, eliminating the necessity for shoppers to undergo conventional cost platforms.

Moreover, the corporate acknowledged that SadaBiz will quickly begin accepting funds by way of Google Pay, which has additionally gained vital reputation on a worldwide scale. 

This transfer by SadaPay addresses a longstanding void left by worldwide cost firms, which have traditionally ignored the Pakistani market.

The announcement was made by SadaPay’s Founder and CEO Brandon Timinsky final week throughout the SadaSummit held at COLABS Lahore. The occasion centered on the artwork of mastering freelance in Pakistan, an idea that has grown broadly in the previous few years. 

What does Apple Pay and Google Pay coming to Pakistan imply for freelancers?

The introduction of this monetary service in Pakistan geared toward freelancers makes it simpler for them to obtain funds. It permits anybody worldwide to ship funds to freelancers by way of a easy Apple Pay hyperlink.

Purchasers can merely click on on a cost hyperlink, enter their info, and full the transaction in a matter of seconds. T

Apple Pay and Google Pay collectively provide a big benefit as a result of their huge consumer bases, with Apple Pay being 4 occasions bigger than PayPal. Because of this freelancers in Pakistan can probably join with 700 million shoppers worldwide.

The CEO stated that by utilizing SadaPay and bypassing conventional freelancing platforms, freelancers can save a big amount of cash on platform charges, which may usually vary from 10% to 30%.

Up to now 12 months, Apple Pay achieved a exceptional $6 trillion in cost quantity, with a consumer base of 550 million, surpassing PayPal, which recorded $1.4 trillion in funds from 450 million customers. Notably, PayPal noticed an 8% lower, whereas Apple Pay demonstrated a formidable 52% year-over-year development. The potential for Apple Pay’s continued enlargement is substantial, as there are roughly two billion iPhones globally outfitted to make the most of this service.

Contemplating the extended discussions about bringing PayPal to Pakistan with out fruition, the mixing of Apple Pay emerges as a big growth. It now permits freelancers to seamlessly settle for funds from an unlimited clientele base, totalling 700 million individuals worldwide, by way of the connection to each Apple Pay and Google Pay.

An earlier report by Revenue acknowledged that freelancers in Pakistan earned round $400 million in each 2021 and in 2022. This  accounts for about 15% of Pakistan’s whole $2.6 billion ICT (information-communication-technology) exports.

An Oxford Web Institute (OII) report ranks Pakistan 4th within the world digital gig market, with about 8% of the full freelance work in 2017. Pakistan stands at 4th place as a result of a rising variety of certified graduates who’re working by freelancing their experience.

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Competitors fee approves Coca-Cola Turkey’s acquisition of Coca Cola Pakistan 



ISLAMABAD: The Competitors Fee of Pakistan (CCP) has given the inexperienced mild to Coca-Cola İçecek (Turkey) for the acquisition of 49.67 % shareholding of Coca Cola (Pakistan) in a transaction valued at $300 million. 

As per particulars shared by CCP, beneath the phase-1 overview of the Competitors Act, 2010, and the Competitors (Merger Management) Laws, 2016, Coca-Cola İçecek (Turkey) efficiently acquired the bulk shares via its subsidiary, CCI Worldwide Holland, from the earlier proprietor Atlantic Industries, which in flip is a subsidiary of the unique “The Coca Cola Firm” (TCCC).

The Share Buy Settlement (SPA) was signed in December 2022 and has solely simply been permitted by the CCP. The acquisition value on this case was decided via bilateral negotiations with TCCC in reference to an impartial valuation report. CCBPL’s valuation signifies an Enterprise Worth (“EV”) of USD 635 million.

Following the share switch, CCI (Turkey) will, immediately and not directly, personal a 99.34% stake in CCBPL. This strategic acquisition firmly locations Coca-Cola Turkey within the driver’s seat, making it the bulk and largest shareholder in Coca Cola (Pakistan), granting them the managerial reins. 

“This improvement signifies a big vote of confidence in Pakistan’s financial capabilities and progress prospects” acknowledged CCP chairman, Dr Kabir Sidhu. “Our streamlined merger methods and processes have facilitated this transaction, emphasizing our dedication to fostering worldwide investments in Pakistan, ” he added.

In accordance with CCP this strategic maneuver displays the continued efforts of the Pakistani authorities and regulatory our bodies to draw overseas investments.

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Industrialists urge govt to take pragmatic steps for decision of points



PESHAWAR: Industrialists have urged the federal government to take pragmatic steps for decision of points to advertise industrialization in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

The industrialists Affiliation Peshawar (IAP) performing president Ayub Zakori stated that the enterprise group is the spine of the economic system.

The affiliation’s performing chief stated decision of industrialists is our topmost precedence. He added enterprise, commerce and industries would solely be flourished by resolving industrialist’s points on a fast-track foundation.

Ayub Zakori, the IAP performing president made these remarks whereas main an industrialists’ delegation throughout a gathering with newly elected SCCI’s president Fuad Ishaq and senior vp Sanaullah Khan right here on the chamber’s home on Wednesday.

The IAP delegation was consisted on Senator Nauman Wazir; Govt members IAP Malik Niaz Ahmed, Farhad Asfandyar; Secretary Common IAP Muqtasid Ahsan; members IAP Haris Mufti, Junaid Altaf, Salman Altaf and ex-president SCCI Faiz Muhammad felicitated the newly elected President Fuad Ishaq, SVP Sana Ullah and VP Ejaz Afridi of SCCI.

A quick dialogue on up to date points confronted by industries and enterprise group and doable options was carried out.

The SCCI President-elect had assured mutual cooperation for the betterment and promotion of industries and warranted prolonged help in any respect the boards.

IAP delegates had extremely appreciated the reassurance and help of SCCI for betterment of industries and the enterprise group.

Each IAP and SCCI reaffirmed a powerful resolve of bipartite collaborative and linked nexus to facilitate and increase financial exercise via industrial growth and commerce.

Earlier, IAP performing chief Ayub Zakuri knowledgeable the president of SCCI Fuad Ishaq intimately concerning the issues of the industrialists and likewise offered numerous solutions for his or her resolution.

Fuad Ishaq agreed with the suggestions of the IAP delegation and warranted to take up the issues of the industrialists successfully with the related establishments on the central and provincial ranges and resolve them instantly.

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