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China, Pakistan to strengthen cooperation on catastrophe threat discount



BEIJING: China and Pakistan ought to strengthen cooperation on pure disasters prevention and mitigation to construct a China-Pakistan neighborhood with a shared future.

This was acknowledged by Cui Peng, an academician of the Chinese language Academy of Sciences, in an unique interview to China Financial Web (CEN).

“Constructing an exquisite homeland is a standard dream for mankind. In face of local weather change, catastrophe prevention and mitigation and different world points, no nation can handle alone or stand aloof. Solely by means of joint efforts can we deal with them in a scientific manner,” mentioned Cui, who can also be the Director-Basic of China-Pakistan Joint Analysis Centre on Earth Sciences (CPJRC).

In response to Cui, the annual frequency of utmost climate and main pure disasters attributable to world local weather change is about 320 instances on common prior to now 4 a long time. Related state of affairs prevails in Pakistan.

Uncommon heatwave has been putting Pakistan from March to Could 2022, it’s almost definitely by human-caused local weather change, a fast evaluation finds. The height temperatures reached 51C in March.

Because the begin of Could, Balochistan province has been engulfed in ever rising forest hearth. China and Iran each assisted Pakistan in placing out the blaze.

As an professional on catastrophe threat discount, Cui shared his opinion with CEN on China-Pak cooperation on this regard.

Cui referred to as to ascertain a China-Pak cooperation mechanism on catastrophe info sharing and cooperation in catastrophe prevention and mitigation, to facilitate bilateral collaboration.

On the subject of worldwide practices on investments, the 2 nations ought to speed up establishing a catastrophe threat evaluation and prevention mechanism for main tasks underneath the framework of the China-Pakistan Financial Hall (CPEC), to protect towards and defuse main funding and engineering catastrophe dangers.

Cui suggested to advance the compilation of the catastrophe prevention and mitigation motion plan underneath CPEC for nearer people-to-people bonds and the constructing of China-Pakistan neighborhood with a shared future.

When it comes to catastrophe prevention and mitigation cooperation, Cui superior the applying of the brand new technology “space-sky-ground” stereoscopic monitoring expertise by utilizing satellites, UAV (Unmanned Aerial Automobile) and ground-based real-time displays in catastrophe identification and monitoring.

Cui thought it’s essential to strengthen catastrophe monitoring cooperation and carry ahead the constructing of a monitoring community relevant to a number of disasters together with earthquake, sleet and snowstorms, geohazards, flood and tsunami, to enhance the monitoring and early warning capability.

China and Pakistan might conduct common catastrophe threat evaluation of the important thing areas alongside CPEC so as to assure the individuals’s livelihood and main tasks’ building.

Cui inspired varied authorities departments and organizations to launch abilities coaching program on catastrophe prevention and mitigation, and youth exchanges and cooperation plans underneath CPEC.

Cui hoped to coach professionals on catastrophe prevention and mitigation for Pakistan by particular program of worldwide college students, talent coaching on catastrophe prevention and mitigation, worldwide cooperation program and skills exchanges program.

“As a scientific researcher, it’s my duty and obligation to make efforts to mitigate and/or cut back the harm to nation and other people’s security and property,” Cui mentioned.

Cui has been doing scientific analysis for nearly 40 years at Institute of Mountain Hazards and Setting (IMHE), Chinese language Academy of Sciences.

He’s devoted to mountain hazards (specializing in particles stream and landslide), catastrophe threat discount, water and soil conservation and fluvial geomorphology.

Cui insists that scientific researchers on geological disasters ought to make discipline journeys to get the first-hand information because the direct scientific foundation for creating higher strategies and applied sciences on catastrophe prevention and mitigation.

“After investigating many catastrophe occasions, I used to be shocked by their damages to the protection of life and property, and the atmosphere, which hardened my resolve to have interaction in particles stream and landslide analysis and catastrophe prevention and mitigation,” mentioned Cui.

Cui has been to many geological catastrophe websites residence and overseas prior to now over 30 years.

His dedication and like to catastrophe threat discount additionally makes nice contributions to the development of CPEC and brings advantages to the Pakistani sisters and brothers.

Professor Asif Khan from College of Peshawar and Cui led a staff to analyze geological hazards alongside Karakoram Freeway (KKH) in 2006.

Since then, IMHE and the Pakistani nationwide scientific analysis institutes have persistently carried out cooperation on catastrophe prevention and mitigation for the renovation and growth venture of KKH.

On 4 January 2010, an enormous landslide occurred at Attabad Village in Hunza of northern Pakistan, which created a barrier lake.

A part of KKH, about 24 kilometers, was submerged by the Attabad barrier lake, which nearly reduce off the commerce and commerce route between China and Pakistan.

To assist the contractor of KKH make emergency response program, IMHE arrange a staff with Cui because the chief to make discipline journey and make a scientific evaluation concerning the barrier lake.

Cui and his staff’s evaluation report was extremely appraised by the contractor of KKH. Their additional mountain hazard threat evaluation and prevention program was adopted by the contractor of KKH.

The venture was constructed efficiently and it opened to visitors three years forward of the unique plan, which additionally boosted the rise of bilateral commerce quantity.

“It’s our obligation to certainly mitigate and cut back disasters for individuals. The work could make nearer people-to-people ties and conforms to the ides of a neighborhood with a shared future for mankind,” Cui mentioned.

With such a calling, Cui takes the entire world in view. Below the Belt and Street Initiative (BRI), Cui needs to construct a global scientific platform to assist nations and areas concerned successfully reply the pure catastrophe and safeguard individuals’s livelihood.

Amongst them, Pakistan caught Cui’s consideration as it’s susceptible to every kind of pure disasters.

Amid the development of CPEC, Cui, together with IMHE, has initiated the constructing of a global platform on catastrophe threat discount, to attract world scientists to resolve issues and safeguard individuals.

The Pakistani Increased Schooling Fee (HEC) and the Chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) collectively launched China-Pakistan Joint Analysis Centre on Earth Sciences (CPJRC) in 2019.

CPJRC focuses on the 2 nations’ scientific analysis and schooling cooperation on pure disasters, ecological atmosphere, assets exploration, and regional sustainable growth for the development of CPEC.

CPJRC has completed a complete pure catastrophe survey of CPEC since its inception.

Along with the Pakistani events, CPJRC has collected information which can be used for analysis on socio-economic growth and assets and atmosphere.


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Chinese language FM chairs UN Safety Council assembly on Palestinian-Israeli difficulty



NEW YORK: Chinese language Overseas Minister Wang Yi chaired a United Nations Safety Council high-level assembly on the Palestinian-Israeli difficulty in New York on Wednesday.

Previous to the UNSC assembly, Wang Yi reiterated the nation’s stance on the Palestine-Israel battle with UN Secretary-Basic Antonio Guterres on Tuesday, earlier than chairing a UN Safety Council high-level assembly on the difficulty.

Wang burdened that China stands firmly on the facet of peace, and known as for an entire cease-fire, in addition to the implementation of a two-state resolution as quickly as potential.

Chinese language observers stated Wang’s propositions, in addition to China’s chairing of the high-level assembly, come at a key juncture as Palestine and Israel are in short-term truce. These strikes spotlight probably the most urgent points and lay the muse for the longer term resolution of the Palestine difficulty. Specialists hailed Wang’s attendance on the assembly, because it reveals that China has nice sincerity to hunt resolution for the disaster.

Nonetheless, even when Israel and Hamas agree to increase the truce for 2 extra days, specialists consider that the potential for it changing into a long-term cease-fire is slim. Because the disaster drags on, the US is sending indicators to worldwide group that there are divergences between US itself and Israel, within the hope that it’s going to save itself from the present diplomatic pothole attempting to proceed pull over Arabic nations, so to contend in opposition to China’s affect, stated specialists.

On the Palestine-Israel battle, China stands firmly on the facet of peace, human conscience and worldwide legislation, Wang, additionally a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Occasion of China Central Committee, stated in a gathering with Guterres in New York.

China helps the UN and the secretary-general in taking part in their distinctive and irreplaceable position in resolving the Palestine-Israel battle, Wang stated, noting that China’s place is evident.

First, there must be no reignition of the conflict, he stated. A whole cease-fire must be achieved to keep away from larger humanitarian disasters, and the hostages must be launched.

Second, unhindered entry of humanitarian provides to Gaza must be ensured, Wang stated. And third, the two-state resolution must be restarted at an early date.

Wang made the remarks earlier than chairing a UN Safety Council high-level assembly on the Palestinian-Israeli difficulty, which is scheduled for Wednesday.

Wang additionally informed Malaysian Overseas Minister Zambry Abdul Kadir on Tuesday that the UN’s high-level assembly is held at an important juncture because it coincides with the final day of the short-term cease-fire settlement. We should not enable the resumption of hostilities and the infliction of additional hurt on harmless civilians. The convention ought to launch a transparent message relating to this matter.

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China, Australia needs to be ‘cautious of harmful forces’ as ties enhance



BEIJING: Senior Chinese language official Liu Jianchao delivered an general optimistic speech on China-Australia ties at a college in Sydney native time on Tuesday, but in addition urged that “nice prudence” is required for Australian vessels following a current spat, which displays China’s goodwill to revive relations whereas sustaining a agency stance on core pursuits, analysts stated on Wednesday.

Liu, head of the Worldwide Division of the Communist Occasion of China (CPC) Central Committee, spoke to officers, lecturers, businesspeople and media representatives on the Australia-China Relations Institute on the College of Expertise Sydney on Tuesday.

Liu urged “prudence” in response to a query on an incident earlier in November, the place Australia media claimed has triggered minor accidents to Australian divers. Nonetheless, such claims are utterly inconsistent with the info, because the Chinese language vessel stored a secure distance from the Australian vessel, and didn’t conduct any exercise that would have an effect on the Australian aspect’s diving operations, based on Wu Qian, a spokesperson for China’s Ministry of Nationwide Protection on November 20.

The incident arose from Australia’s behaviour within the area that gave “Chinese language folks a message that Australian naval vessels are there to comprise China.” “What would occur if a Chinese language naval ship got here to your waters or waters close to Australia? Naturally you ship your ships to watch and establish,” Liu stated, based on Australian media studies.

Chen Hong, director of the Australian Research Middle of East China Regular College, informed the World Instances on Wednesday that such close-in operations will immediate China to take self-defense actions akin to monitoring and warning, and that state of affairs may enhance the danger of frictions and incidents that neither aspect desires to see.

An occasional incident teaches a lesson, however “it shouldn’t be hyped repeatedly and grow to be a barrier to enhance bilateral relations,” Chen stated.

When China and Australia attempt to stabilize and reinvigorate their relations, there are folks inside Australia and exterior forces that don’t want the pattern to proceed, Chen famous, including that each Australia and China ought to cherish the hard-won momentum and be cautious of harmful forces.

Liu, in his speech, acknowledged that the China-Australia relationship has been on the forefront of China’s relations with developed international locations for a very long time, nevertheless it has additionally skilled setbacks. Since final yr, Chinese language President Xi Jinping and Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese have met twice, offering steering for the event of China-Australia relations.

Liu harassed China and Australia ought to improve mutual belief, adhere to the positioning of bilateral relations as a complete strategic partnership, and anchor the correct route of China-Australia relations.

The 2 sides ought to absolutely faucet the potential of the China-Australia Free Commerce Settlement, and attempt for frequent growth, overcome variations in political programs, historic and cultural backgrounds and nationwide situations, broaden consensus, correctly deal with divergences, and promote the regular and long-term growth of China-Australia relations, Liu stated.

Many variations are negotiable between China and Australia, however the delicate subject of sovereignty and territorial integrity is just not amongst them, Chen harassed.

Chen was amongst greater than 700 individuals who attended the Tuesday occasion on website or through video hyperlink. The general environment was dynamic and amicable regardless of a couple of questions primarily raised by media with a fame of being unfriendly to China, based on Chen.

One other query requested Liu in regards to the prospects of China-Australia protection cooperation and navy ties.

Such a query from Australia displays the excessive expectations Australian public maintain for bilateral relations, Chen stated, as navy cooperation marks a excessive stage of mutual belief between two international locations.

Liu on Tuesday additionally emphasised to deepen exchanges and strengthen communication in any respect ranges and in numerous fields between the 2 governments, political events, suppose tanks, youth and localities.

The senior official on Wednesday met with Peter Dutton, chief of the Opposition, and David Littleproud, chief of Australia’s Nationwide Occasion. Liu emphasised the position of inter-party exchanges and friendship in consolidating the connection between the 2 international locations.

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12 extra Israeli captives freed as mediators search lasting truce



GAZA: A truce between Israel and Hamas enters its sixth day Wednesday after further captives have been launched in alternate for Palestinian prisoners, with mediators pushing for a “sustainable” ceasefire.

After a 48-hour extension of an preliminary four-day truce, a brand new group of 12 captives was free of Gaza on Tuesday, with 30 Palestinians launched from Israeli prisons.

The ultimate 24 hours of the prolonged settlement begins later Wednesday, with another alternate of captives for prisoners anticipated, however mediator Qatar mentioned it hoped for a extra sturdy association.

Newly launched Palestinian prisoner Rouba Assi is carried by supporters throughout a welcome ceremony for prisoners free of Israeli jails. PHOTO: AFP

“Our predominant focus proper now, and our hope, is to achieve a sustainable truce that can result in additional negotiations and ultimately to an finish… to this battle,” international ministry spokesman Majed Al Ansari advised a Doha information convention.

“Nonetheless, we’re working with what we now have. And what we now have proper now could be the availability to the settlement that enables us to increase days so long as Hamas is ready to assure the discharge of at the very least 10 hostages.”

That provision has allowed the two-day extension that noticed 10 Israeli captives launched from Gaza in a single day Tuesday, together with two Thais freed outdoors the scope of the settlement.
An AFP journalist noticed masked and armed fighters from Hamas and Islamic Jihad hand over hostages to Crimson Cross officers in Rafah, close to the border with Egypt.

The Israeli captives freed have been all ladies, together with 17-year-old Mia Leimberg, who returned to Israel along with her mom and aunt.

Israel’s authorities has obtained a listing of the brand new captives to be freed Wednesday, native media reported. There was no official affirmation.

Up to now, 60 Israeli captives have been free of Gaza underneath the phrases of the deal, with a Russian-Israeli, 20 Thais and one Filipino freed outdoors the scope of the settlement.

In return, 180 Palestinian prisoners — all ladies and youngsters — have been launched from Israeli jails.

Amongst them was 14-year-old Ahmad Salaima who returned to his residence in east Jerusalem to cheers and hugs from family.

“When Ahmed was in jail, we couldn’t go to him, though he’s the youngest Palestinian prisoner at simply 14 years outdated,” his father Nayef mentioned.


The truce settlement has introduced a brief halt to preventing. Israel’s aerial and land bombardment of Gaza has killed almost 15,000 folks, and rendered massive elements of the territory’s north uninhabitable.

The World Meals Programme warned Tuesday that Gaza’s inhabitants confronted a “excessive danger of famine if WFP isn’t in a position to present continued entry to meals.”

Situations within the territory are “catastrophic,” the company’s Center East director mentioned, whereas a spokesman for the UN kids’s company UNICEF mentioned help getting into Gaza underneath the truce deal was “not even sufficient for triage.”

The dire humanitarian state of affairs has piled on stress for a extra lasting pause and even an finish to the preventing, although Israel has made clear it sees the truce as a short interlude to make sure hostage releases earlier than its battle continues.

The pinnacle of the CIA and the director of Israel’s Mossad spy company have been in Doha to debate the truce with Qatar’s prime minister, a supply briefed on their go to mentioned, asking to not be named due to the talks’ sensitivity.

The discussions goal “to construct on the progress of the prolonged humanitarian pause settlement and to provoke additional discussions in regards to the subsequent part of a possible deal,” the supply added.

On Tuesday, Hamas and Israel traded accusations of truce violations, however Qatar’s Ansari mentioned the “minimal breaches” didn’t “hurt the essence of the settlement.”

Israel’s allies have been cautious of calling for an entire finish to navy operations designed to get rid of Hamas, however international ministers from the Group of Seven have urged an extended truce.

Professional-Palestine supporters collect for a rally on the Egyptian Consulate on November 28, 2023 in New York Metropolis. PHOTO: AFP

“We help the additional extension of this pause and future pauses as wanted to allow help to be scaled up, and to facilitate the discharge of all hostages,” they mentioned in a press release Tuesday.

Washington has additionally warned Israel that any contemporary offensive in southern Gaza should be “performed in a manner… not designed to supply important additional displacement,” a senior US official mentioned.

An estimated 1.7 million Palestinians in Gaza have been compelled to go away their properties to this point, greater than half the territory’s inhabitants.

“I hope this truce will lead to an entire ceasefire, as a result of we’re fed up of sleeping outside within the rain, of dropping our family members and having to flee,” mentioned Umm Mohammed, who was pushed from her residence in northern Gaza by the assault.

The truce in Gaza has not ended violence within the occupied West Financial institution, the place two Palestinian youngsters have been killed in clashes with Israeli troops on Tuesday, the Palestinian well being ministry mentioned.

Since October 7, greater than 230 Palestinians have been killed within the West Financial institution by Israeli troopers or settlers, based on the ministry.

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