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Elon Musk overtakes Bezos to turn out to be world’s richest individual



Elon Musk, the outspoken entrepreneur behind Tesla Inc. and SpaceX, is now the richest individual on the planet.

A 4.8pc rally within the electrical carmaker’s share worth Thursday boosted Musk previous Inc. founder Jeff Bezos on the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, a rating of the world’s 500 wealthiest folks.

The South Africa-born engineer’s web price was $188.5 billion at 10:15 a.m. in New York, $1.5 billion greater than Bezos, who has held the highest spot since October 2017. As chief government officer of Area Exploration Applied sciences Corp., or SpaceX, Musk can also be a rival to Bezos, proprietor of Blue Origin LLC, within the personal area race.

The milestone caps a unprecedented 12 months for Musk. Over the previous yr his web price soared by greater than $150 billion in probably the quickest bout of wealth creation in historical past. Fueling his rise was an unprecedented rally in Tesla’s share worth, which surged 743% final yr on the again of constant earnings, inclusion within the S&P 500 Index and enthusiasm from Wall Avenue and retail traders alike.

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The leap in Tesla’s inventory worth additional inflates a valuation light-years other than different automakers on quite a few metrics. Tesla produced simply over half-a-million vehicles final yr, a fraction of the output of Ford Motor Co. and Normal Motors Co. The corporate is poised for additional near-term features as Democrats captured each Georgia Senate seats and handed management of Congress to the occasion that’s advocated for faster adoption of electrical autos.

Inventory Choices:

Musk, 49, has benefited from Tesla’s stratospheric rise in multiple method. Along with his 20% stake within the automaker, he’s sitting on about $42 billion of unrealized paper features on vested inventory choices. These securities come from two grants he obtained in 2012 and 2018, the latter of which was the most important pay deal ever struck between a CEO and a company board.

Regardless of his astronomical features, Musk has mentioned he has little curiosity in materials issues and has few property outdoors his stakes in Tesla and SpaceX. He informed Axel Springer in an interview final month that the primary function of his wealth is to speed up humanity’s evolution right into a spacefaring civilization.

“I need to have the ability to contribute as a lot as doable to town on Mars,” Musk mentioned. “Which means simply plenty of capital.”

The world’s 500 richest folks added a document $1.8 trillion to their mixed web price final yr, equal to a 31% improve. The features have been disproportionately on the prime, the place 5 people maintain fortunes in extra of $100 billion and one other 20 are price not less than $50 billion.

Lower than every week into the brand new yr the rankings have already been upended by extraordinary rallies. China’s Zhong Shanshan has vaulted previous Warren Buffett to say the sixth slot after shares of his bottled-water firm surged, including $15.2 billion to his fortune.

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Maple expands in midst of huge 12 months for cement 



LAHORE: MLCF emerges as one of many largest cement producers within the nation.

A serious shakeup is underway in Pakistan’s cement business after the Maple Leaf Cement Manufacturing facility Restricted (MLCF) acquired 9500000 voting shares of Pioneer Cement Restricted (PIOC). 

Maple Leaf already held shares in Pioneer Cement and the current acquisition of shares has elevated their shareholding to 34,261,001 voting shares, representing a 15.08% combination shareholding.

A growth in cement 

The change in shares comes at a time when the nation’s cement business has seen rising earnings regardless of the largely abysmal macroeconomic situations within the nation. The sector reported 14% quarter-on-quarter (QoQ) revenue development in Oct-Dec 2022 on the again of upper gross sales as the primary quarter (Jul-Sept) was badly hit by disastrous flooding. Earnings within the second quarter had been greater by 42% year-on-year (YoY) regardless of improve in financing prices, he stated. Consequently, first-half earnings for cement firms confirmed a rise of 21% YoY. 

Fortunate Cement, DG Khan Cement, Attock Cement, Fauji Cement, Maple Leaf Cement and Pioneer Cement registered a 23% rise of their topline within the second quarter of FY23, which took first-half gross sales to Rs 167.8 billion, up by 22.4%. 

Maple Cement had additionally seen a worthwhile 12 months, reporting a revenue after tax (PAT) of Rs. 4.3 billion through the first half of the monetary 12 months (FY) 2022-23. The corporate reported a 56 p.c improve in its revenue as in comparison with Rs. 2.75 billion in 1HFY22. Throughout the quarter October-December FY23, revenue clocked in at Rs. 2.93 billion, up 53 p.c from Rs. 1.92 billion in 2QFY22.  Web gross sales of the corporate clocked at Rs. 30 billion in 1HFY23, up by 36 p.c as in comparison with Rs. 22.1 billion in 1HFY22 supported by an over 50 p.c hike in retention costs which offset the affect of an 8 p.c decline in dispatches, based on Arif Habib Restricted (AHL).

Maple and Pioneer 

MLCF is a number one cement manufacturing firm in Pakistan identified for producing high-quality cement. Established in 1986, the corporate is the third-largest cement producer in Pakistan.  

whereas PIOC can be a outstanding participant within the business with a popularity for an progressive strategy to enterprise.

Maple Leaf Cement owns and operates two grey cement manufacturing traces and one white cement manufacturing line. Its manufacturing vegetation are located at Dadukhel District Mianwali. Its merchandise are equipped to each native and worldwide markets. Initially based in 1952, the corporate was acquired by the Saigol group in 1992 below a privatisation scheme being supplied by the federal government again then. 

Over time, Maple Leaf has established a powerful popularity for producing high-quality cement and has constantly been on the forefront of innovation within the business. The corporate has a various product portfolio, starting from Peculiar Portland Cement (OPC) to Sulphate Resistant Cement (SRC), and has a powerful presence in each the home and worldwide markets.

Compared, it was established again in 1986, and since then, it has been rising and contributing to the cement business of Pakistan.


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Pakistani gold demand jumps as costs rebound



Gold costs in Pakistan rose on Saturday, according to a surge in worldwide costs, which sparked issues over costly imports and raised demand for safe-haven belongings.

The worth of gold (24 carats) elevated by Rs1,200 per tola and Rs1,029 per 10 grams, settling at Rs198,700 and Rs170,353, respectively, in accordance with All-Pakistan Sarafa Gems and Jewelers Affiliation (APSGJA).

Gold demand in Pakistan has skyrocketed, with merchants setting charges within the nation in accordance with its worldwide worth. Jewelers import the metallic in opposition to the US greenback and UAE dirham earlier than changing its worth into rupees. Nonetheless, the yellow metallic has misplaced Rs1,300 per tola throughout the outgoing week, solely registering features twice as a result of volatility of the Pakistani foreign money.

Whereas analysts recommend that gold could also be an efficient protection in opposition to inflation over lengthy intervals of time, the inflation-adjusted worth of gold tends to swing wildly over shorter intervals, making it much less of a powerful near-term hedge for inflation.

In the meantime, silver costs within the home market remained unchanged at Rs2,080 per tola and Rs1,783.26 per 10 grams. Within the worldwide market, gold costs rose practically 2% because of a slide in US Treasury yields and broader monetary market issues, driving safe-haven flows into bullion. The per-ounce worth settled at $1,866 after a surge of $32.

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Can flood-prone Bangladesh ‘local weather proof’ garment jobs in a warming world?



For Bangladeshi garment and textile producer DBL Group, local weather change is a rising risk it can’t afford to disregard.

Mohammed Zahidullah, chief sustainability officer for the enterprise which employs about 35,000 staff at its factories close to Dhaka, mentioned a heatwave dented productiveness final 12 months, whereas riverside fabric-dyeing factories face worsening flooding dangers.

“A big-scale flood just like the one not too long ago witnessed in Pakistan may spell havoc for our trade,” he warned at DBL’s workplace constructing in Gulshan district, which maximises the usage of daylight together with with sensors to avoid wasting on electrical energy.

That is a technique the corporate – whose multinational shoppers embody H&M, Walmart-George and Puma – is enjoying its half to rein in world warming, together with deploying know-how that recovers warmth from turbines to warmth water and planting bushes to alleviate excessive warmth for its workforce.

But, throughout the garment trade, measures to deal with local weather change stay insufficient, mentioned Ahmmed Zulfiqar Rahaman, a local weather professional at Bangladesh’s Heart for Environmental and Geographic Data Companies (CEGIS).

Warmth stress exacerbated by local weather change could cause a mean lack of 2%-2.5% in each day work hours, he famous.

In the summertime, garment staff typically expertise signs like complications, fatigue or nausea because of warmth, hampering productiveness within the nation’s important export sector that employs round 4.5 million staff, 60% of them ladies, in keeping with a latest examine by researchers at Australia’s Griffith College.

They embody single mom Shopna Akter, 27, who felt dizzy and weak within the rising warmth and referred to as in sick one busy morning final month on the garment manufacturing unit the place she works in northern Dhaka, despite the fact that she knew it will value the dear revenue she must feed her seven-year-old.

Offering higher air flow and cooling on the manufacturing unit flooring and making water obtainable to staff are among the many measures urged within the Griffith College examine.

A January report from Finnwatch, a Finnish NGO that promotes accountable enterprise conduct, highlighted how garment staff – lots of them migrants from disaster-prone rural areas – face more and more sizzling and humid circumstances of their city workplaces.

Most are low-skilled and would battle to seek out different jobs if employment shrinks within the attire sector because of automation of producing processes and efforts by Western manufacturers to maneuver their provide chains nearer, warned the report on a “simply transition” for the Bangladesh garment trade.

Inexperienced stress

Stress on clothes factories to undertake greener manufacturing strategies and to guard their staff and operations from the detrimental results of local weather change is coming largely from world manufacturers, in addition to regulation in key export markets.

The European Union is the most important vacation spot for Bangladesh’s attire exports, importing $13.73 billion value of clothes from July 2022 to January 2023.

Because the EU steps up local weather motion, corporations are being required to report on planet-heating carbon emissions not solely from their direct operations but in addition these attributable to their provide chains, often called “scope 3” emissions.

A 12 months in the past, the European Fee additionally revealed a method for sustainable textiles, laying out a imaginative and prescient to spice up recycling and inexperienced measures within the world textile sector.

One main model ratcheting up such efforts is Sweden-based multinational vogue retailer H&M, the largest clothes purchaser from Bangladesh, with purchases value $3.5 billion in 2021.

H&M spokesman Iñigo Sáenz Maestre informed Context the corporate’s largest sources of emissions are uncooked supplies and manufacturing.

“Reducing our dependency on virgin supplies and maximising the usage of recycled supplies, which represents a share of 23% immediately, is a precedence for us,” he mentioned by electronic mail.

The World Financial institution Group’s Worldwide Finance Company (IFC) runs a programme that helps factories in Bangladesh to take measures to curb their environmental and local weather impacts.

The Partnership for Cleaner Textile (PaCT) has helped greater than 400 factories cut back water use equal to the annual wants of just about 1 million folks and to chop greenhouse gases equal to taking greater than 100,000 automobiles off the street, mentioned Nishat Shahid Chowdhury, operations officer at IFC Bangladesh.

Greater than 180 garment factories in Bangladesh have obtained LEED certification, a global normal for inexperienced buildings, the best for any nation’s garment trade.

Labour: The lacking hyperlink

Because the deadly Rana Plaza catastrophe a decade in the past, when a Dhaka garment manufacturing unit advanced collapsed killing greater than 1,130 staff, there was a drive for larger transparency and accountability within the trade’s provide chains.

BRAC College’s “Mapped in Bangladesh” initiative tracks greater than 3,700 attire factories nationwide and supplies an open data system that may information manufacturers on how factories are approaching security and sustainability points.

The map’s builders at the moment are working so as to add an environmental dimension by itemizing which suppliers have inexperienced certifications such because the International Recycled Normal and Nordic Ecolabel.

But, regardless of efforts to fill supply-chain data gaps, specialists say it’s unclear how rising worldwide stress for a greener garment sector will have an effect on staff.

Lasse Leipola, a local weather coverage specialist with Finnwatch, mentioned stronger regulation in Europe will affect the procurement wants of European corporations, bringing each optimistic and detrimental adjustments for staff alongside worth chains.

“For some staff, this will imply that they want new abilities – for others it implies that they could have to hunt employment elsewhere,” he mentioned.

Ahsan Mansur, government director of the Coverage Analysis Institute of Bangladesh (PRI), an financial think-tank, mentioned new compliance necessities imposed by worldwide vogue manufacturers may show a heavy burden for smaller factories particularly.

It may drive consolidation within the sector, favouring giant companies with the means to fulfill stricter export calls for.

However rising manufacturing volumes general will possible compensate for job losses linked to automation, digitalisation and inexperienced compliance, he added.

Equipping staff

Chowdhury, from IFC, mentioned corporations would want to compete in world markets to draw vogue manufacturers with their sustainability credentials.

“What this implies is that inexperienced investments can create extra job alternatives, a few of which require new abilities and pays extra,” she mentioned.

Trend manufacturers, for his or her half, may play an even bigger position by means of actions like contributing a small share of their garment gross sales to assist inexperienced reforms in Bangladesh and provide higher alternatives for staff, specialists mentioned.

Some present coaching programmes backed by manufacturers and worldwide businesses may additionally assist. One initiative supported by H&M, for instance, supplies ladies staff with abilities for a future formed by automation.

Nazma Akhter, a former youngster garment employee who leads the Awaj Basis which advocates for labour rights, mentioned such programmes are good however principally voluntary, standalone efforts.

“We want central insurance policies and a sustained strategic method to correctly equip staff for the approaching challenges,” together with an even bigger voice for them in decision-making, mentioned Akter, who can be president of the United Garment Employees Federation.

Leslie Johnston, CEO of the Laudes Basis, which helps the Thomson Reuters Basis’s reporting on “simply transition”, mentioned nationwide coverage would play “a vital position in how the (garment) sector adapts to the quickly altering context of the style trade, what this implies for staff and their households, and the way, in the end we are able to ‘local weather proof’ the tens of millions of jobs in Bangladesh”.

Hepping migrants

Monjur Moin, a pacesetter on the Garment Employees Commerce Union Centre, mentioned that with out higher employment phrases, together with a residing wage, “greening of provide chains might not imply a lot”.

Many garment staff are migrants who moved to Dhaka and its surrounding areas as a result of they lack good job alternatives of their hometowns or their native livelihoods equivalent to farming have been eroded because of local weather change, famous Rahaman of CEGIS.

Providing higher housing and providers like youngster and healthcare at an inexpensive price might be a key means to assist staff adapt as they relocate, mentioned PRI’s Mansur.

Even the city areas the place they now eke out a residing shall be hit by warming impacts within the close to future, researchers warn.

A examine by Cornell College’s International Labor Institute confirmed that, with out local weather motion, 35% of Bangladesh’s apparel-producing areas might be flooded recurrently by 2030.

Specialists burdened the necessity to put together for rising dangers.

“The federal government has to assume strategically and plan for addressing the issues confronted by the city poor and dealing lessons in opposition to the backdrop of local weather change,” mentioned Mansur.

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