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Media stakeholders deliberate over challenges to journalism at GMF 2022



BONN: The Deutsche Welle (DW) World Media Discussion board 2022 concluded within the night on Tuesday on the World Convention Heart in Bonn, Germany, with journalists from over 100 nations taking part on the convention. The 2-day occasion hosted a variety of panels devoted to deliberations over the challenges going through journalism all over the world. The annual World Media Discussion board in Bonn was held in individual for the primary time since 2019, with the earlier two editions being held on-line owing to the covid-19 pandemic.

Day One on Monday opened with remarks from DW Director Normal Peter Limbourg, adopted by the keynote deal with of Maria Ressa, the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Ressa highlighted the challenges she has confronted herself because the CEO and founding father of Rappler being focused for her journalism by each the Philippine authorities and customers on-line. “We’re at an existential second and we should work collectively. We should outline the issue, and it’ll require all of us to guard democracy and to stop the rise of fascism,” Ressa mentioned in her deal with.

The keynote deal with was adopted by remarks from Federal Minister for Overseas Affairs Annalena Baerbock and Minister President of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia Hendrik Wüst. The preliminary plenary discussions centered on the way forward for media, entitled ‘Journalist gone activist?’ and ‘Shaping the way forward for journalism in wartimes’. The latter, very similar to a lot of the convention, centered on the Ukraine Battle. The spotlight of the day was the DW Freedom of Speech Award being giver to Ukrainian visible journalists Mstyslav Chernov and Evgeniy Maloletka, for his or her protection of the autumn of Mariupol.

“Typically, data is extra essential for human survival than even meals. That thought allowed us to maintain working, even when it was changing into more durable each day,” mentioned an emotional Chernov in his acceptance speech.
Earlier than the award ceremony, plenary periods entitled ‘Pretend or truth? Selling digital literacy’ and ‘Cash makes the world go ’spherical Future-proof journalism in altering occasions’ have been held. The convention additionally had parallel afternoon workshops being hosted contained in the World Convention Heart. From the way forward for African journalism, to updating journalistic skillsets, to the battle towards faux information, a spread of topics have been coated in these periods. DW additionally organised coaching periods for numerous journalists curious about including new abilities to their repertoire.

Day Two on Tuesday started with plenary periods on Western reporting on the World South, protection from conflict zones, the digital Iron Curtain, science journalism and combatting stereotypes. Award ceremonies have been held on Tuesday for the winners of a ‘startup contest’ and ‘ladies and media know-how’. The workshops held on Tuesday centered on agenda resulting in willful omission, shaping the subsequent era of journalists, synthetic intelligence and creatives from Africa.

Whereas all periods have been interactively streamed on-line, on each days organised talks and workshops that have been completely on-line. Themes for these periods ranged from the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, to shortform journalism, to truth checking. Periods tagged with ‘Pitch’ have been held within the Rondel room on the World Convention Centre with themes starting from group newsrooms, to ladies’s well being points, to youth journalists.

The ultimate plenary periods of the two-day workshop centered on public opinion, media protection in crises and a prediction for the information within the yr in 2050.

The ultimate discuss was given on ‘Journalism in battle between short-term consideration and long-term motion’ by Professor of Media Research Bernhard Pörksen. The World Media Discussion board 2022 was closed by DW Director Normal Peter Limbourg.

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US urged to vary notion on China



BEIJING: China has all the time been a builder of world peace, a contributor to world growth and a defender of the worldwide order, Chinese language International Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian mentioned on Wednesday at an everyday press convention.

Final week on the NATO Public Discussion board, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken mentioned that the connection with China is “probably the most complicated and consequential” relationship and all of the international locations in NATO are “making an attempt to make it possible for collectively we’re upholding the rules-based worldwide order – wherever it’s being challenged. And if China’s difficult it in a technique or one other, we are going to stand as much as that.”

In response, Zhao mentioned that the remarks of Blinken “turned a blind eye to details” and have been “stuffed with Chilly Warfare mentality and ideological bias.”

Noting that China has by no means invaded any nation nor engaged in proxy wars and shaped army blocs, Zhao mentioned that China has lived in concord and pursued win-win cooperation with different international locations to construct a neighborhood with a shared future for mankind.

“Ways resembling reining in NATO, exaggerating the competitors with China and scary confrontations between blocs is not going to succeed,” the Chinese language spokesperson mentioned.

Moreover, Blinken’s assertion that NATO is not going to search battle is hypocritical and unfaithful. Historical past has proved that it’s not China posing any systemic problem to NATO, however NATO more and more posing systemic challenges to world peace and safety, the spokesperson mentioned.

Third, the so-called “rules-based worldwide order” established by the U.S. is definitely a legislation made by just a few international locations to serve its hegemonic self-interest.

“The U.S. has all the time been above the worldwide legislation, making use of or discarding worldwide guidelines primarily based on whether or not they conform to the U.S.’s pursuits, which is the most important breach of the worldwide order,” Zhao mentioned.

We urge the U.S. aspect to appropriate its notion of China and quit its plans to destabilize the Asia-Pacific area and observe the trail of mutual respect, peaceable coexistence and win-win cooperation, Zhao expressed.

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New US examine helps de-mystify Covid mind fog



WASHINGTON: A small new examine printed Tuesday by scientists on the US Nationwide Institutes of Well being means that the immune response triggered by coronavirus infections damages the mind’s blood vessels and could possibly be answerable for lengthy Covid signs.

The paper, printed within the journal Mind, was based mostly on mind autopsies from 9 individuals who died immediately after contracting the virus.

Moderately than detecting proof of Covid within the mind, the workforce discovered it was the folks’s personal antibodies that attacked the cells lining the mind’s blood vessels, inflicting irritation and injury.

This discovery might clarify why some folks have lingering results from an infection together with headache, fatigue, lack of style and scent, and lack of ability to sleep in addition to “mind fog” — and may additionally assist devise new remedies for lengthy Covid.

NIH scientist Avindra Nath, the paper’s senior creator, mentioned in an announcement: “Sufferers usually develop neurological issues with COVID-19, however the underlying pathophysiological course of is just not nicely understood.”

“We had beforehand proven blood vessel injury and irritation in sufferers’ brains at post-mortem, however we didn’t perceive the reason for the injury. I feel on this paper we’ve gained essential perception into the cascade of occasions.”

The 9 people, aged 24 to 73, have been chosen from the workforce’s prior examine as a result of they confirmed proof of blood vessel injury of their brains based mostly on scans.

Their brains have been in comparison with these from 10 controls, with the workforce analyzing neuroinflammation and immune responses utilizing a method known as immunohistochemistry.

The scientists found that antibodies produced towards Covid-19 mistakenly focused cells that kind the “blood-brain barrier” — a construction designed to maintain dangerous invaders out of the mind whereas permitting mandatory substances to move.

Harm to those cells may cause leakage of proteins, bleeding and clots, which elevates the chance of stroke.

The leaks additionally set off immune cells known as macrophages to hurry to the location to restore injury, inflicting irritation.

The workforce discovered that ordinary mobile processes within the areas focused by the assault have been severely disrupted, which had implications for issues resembling their capacity to de-toxify and to control metabolism.

The findings supply clues concerning the biology at play in sufferers with long-term neurological signs, and might inform new remedies — for instance, a drug that targets the build-up of antibodies on the blood-brain barrier.

“It’s fairly doable that this identical immune response persists in Lengthy COVID sufferers leading to neuronal harm,” mentioned Nath.

This may imply {that a} drug that dials down that immune response might assist these sufferers, he added. “So these findings have crucial therapeutic implications.”

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‘Unbelievable feeling’: Abroad Hajj pilgrims rejoice after 2-year Covid absence



MEKKAH, SAUDI ARABIA: Of the a whole bunch of 1000’s of Muslims arriving right here in Mekkah this week for the annual Hajj pilgrimage, maybe none had a extra arduous journey than Adam Mohammed, a 53-year-old electrical engineer from the UK.

Mohammed, who’s of Iraqi-Kurdish origin, determined final yr to journey on foot to Saudi Arabia, a journey of greater than 7,000 kilometres (4,350 miles) that took him by way of 9 nations earlier than he crossed over from Jordan into the northwestern Saudi city of Tabuk.

The journey was made all of the extra dramatic by the truth that when he began his trek 11 months in the past, pushing a cart in entrance of him that contained his meals and different provides, he had no concept whether or not he would have the ability to entry the holy mosques in Mecca and Medina.

It was solely in April that Saudi Arabia, which barred abroad pilgrims in 2020 and 2021 as a part of efforts to mitigate the coronavirus pandemic, introduced that a million Muslims, together with 850,000 from overseas, would have the ability to take part this yr.

Now safely in Mekkah, some 15 kilograms lighter than when he began, Mohammed has no regrets.

“I cried after I first arrived. It’s an unbelievable feeling,” he advised AFP.

“My journey was exhausting. I ended in lots of locations for relaxation. However I used to be targeted on one factor: I’m 53 years previous, so what if I spare 11 months on the highway to succeed in the home of God? It’s doable.”

Mohammed stated Saudi authorities granted him and his spouse and two daughters, who’ve flown from the UK to the Gulf kingdom, a allow to carry out the Hajj.

A lot of the different foreigners performing the pilgrimage have been chosen by way of a lottery system.

‘It’s my dream’

One of many 5 pillars of Islam, the Hajj should be undertaken by all able-bodied Muslims who’ve the means a minimum of as soon as of their lives.

However pandemic restrictions compelled numerous would-be pilgrims primarily based exterior Saudi Arabia to place their plans on maintain.

Often one of many world’s largest spiritual gatherings, about 2.5 million individuals participated in 2019, earlier than the pandemic started.

The next yr, foreigners had been blocked and the overall variety of worshippers was capped at 10,000 to cease the hajj from turning into a worldwide super-spreader.

That determine rose to 60,000 absolutely vaccinated Saudi residents and residents in 2021.

Although the quantity is far larger this yr, there are nonetheless some restrictions: members should be Muslims aged beneath 65 who’re absolutely vaccinated and may submit a detrimental Covid-19 PCR end result from a take a look at taken inside 72 hours of journey.

The Hajj formally begins Wednesday, and Mekkah is already overrun with worshippers who, like Mohammed, are relieved to have lastly reached their vacation spot after lengthy, traumatic waits.

A 30-year-old Russian pilgrim who gave her title as Halima stated she had been imagining her keep in Mekkah for greater than a decade.

The Hajj prices a minimum of $5,000 per individual, and Halima stated she shared her story with mates to drum up funds for each her and her father to come back.

“Yesterday was the primary time I noticed the Holy Kaabah,” she stated. “It’s my dream to be right here, and now I’m dwelling it.”

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