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TCS shuts down eCommerce enterprise, takes impairment lack of Rs1.2bn 



LAHORE: After a sequence of half-hearted makes an attempt to unload its eCommerce enterprise,, TCS has lastly determined to tug the plug and shut down operations of the Daraz-style market, credible sources have confirmed to Revenue.’s shut down might show to be a giant hit for its guardian firm TCS, which is anticipated to face an impairment lack of Rs 1.2 billion — which interprets to a dip of 10-20% in valuation. Impairment is an accounting idea that applies when an entity considers that the steadiness sheet worth of its property is greater than the quantity which is recoverable from utilizing or promoting them — basically a fallout from a nasty mortgage on this case. 

TCS had made investments into Yayvo posted as loans in its accounts. 

At current, an easy Google seek for Yayvo will present the hyperlink to the Yayvo web site on the prime in search outcomes, together with a message: “Expensive valued clients, the web site might be offline from 1st October as a result of scheduled upkeep.” Nevertheless, sources have confirmed that Yayvo won’t be going reside once more. 

Screengrab from Google search on Yayvo

The state of affairs at has been dire for some time, and in current months had been hurtling in the direction of the inevitable. TCS has intermittently both laid off employees from or has been transferring them to different departments inside TCS because the eCommerce companies had been cash-strapped. The remaining core staff members, 17 in quantity, have been laid off final week, in response to a supply. One other supply stated that the corporate actually had no development within the final three years. 

The choice to close down Yayvo comes after a bumpy journey for TCS with monetary troubles on the firm choking funding for Yayvo, failure to lift funding and patrons backing out. Based in 2014, Yayvo was launched as an eCommerce market that aggregated merchandise from completely different sellers on one platform. The logic behind the idea was that since eCommerce marketplaces like Daraz had the eventual objective or forming a market after which going into logistics, a legacy firm like TCS with an present logistics infrastructure might merely arrange a market of its personal (which is the simple half) and get an enormous head begin and make some critical cash alongside the way in which.  

The success and logistics operations have been powered by TCS’ warehouse infrastructure and logistics fleet. Nevertheless, the eCommerce enterprise ended up being extra difficult than the administration at TCS had figured and the guardian firm needed to frequently bail out as a result of skinny margins. Yayvo wanted steady monetary assist due to the excessive cash-burn mannequin of a market enterprise – a dedication Yayvo’s guardian firm TCS didn’t see via. 

Due to these low margins on merchandise, marketplaces like Yayvo and Daraz must have tens of millions of {dollars} in funding to have the ability to preserve the enterprise operating till they discover extra worthwhile avenues or see the corporate via to a profitable exit. Daraz managed to try this via its acquisition by AliBaba.

A high-ranking former official of the corporate informed Revenue that by 2018, TCS had discovered itself in a money crunch in its courier enterprise and couldn’t fund the Yayvo enterprise any additional. “When the core enterprise itself began having quite a lot of points with cash, in fact they might not afford investing cash into Yayvo,” stated a supply aware of the matter. 

Troubles had begun for Yayvo quickly after TCS CEO MA Mannan left the corporate abruptly in 2018. In keeping with Revenue’s earlier report on TCS, folks within the pro-Mannan camp argue that the board of administrators didn’t enable the CEO to adequately fund that enterprise, on account of which it by no means stood an opportunity of succeeding. In addition they declare that Yayvo was the brainchild of Khalid Awan himself and Mannan was solely requested to implement his thought.

Observers exterior the corporate agree that an inadequately funded enterprise can be tantamount to burning money. “It takes $20-30 million to arrange a correct e-commerce enterprise in Pakistan, and no person except for Daraz has been prepared to try this,” Hamaad Ravda, former chief advertising and marketing officer at had stated. “In the event you’re not prepared to try this, then you definitely’re losing time and assets.”

In keeping with a number of sources, TCS pumped roughly Rs2-2.5 billion into Yayvo between 2015 and 2018, when the corporate confronted a critical funding crunch. The corporate wouldn’t have been worthwhile by itself due to skinny margins in eCommerce and excessive prices.

Then again, scaling the corporate would have required additional cash burn at a time when the guardian firm was unwilling to place more cash into the enterprise. In keeping with sources, TCS had been actively looking for traders in early 2019 and by the center of 2019 managed to discover a Pakistani investor who would take the enterprise from TCS utterly, however at a value that might have turned TCS a web loss on the Yayvo sale, resulting in an impairment that the corporate took now. 

Yayvo had earlier obtained an roughly Rs1 billion valuation from the Jang Group for Yayvo, which the corporate  administration determined to not take. 

A supply indicated that whereas Yayvo had curiosity from patrons which included the AliBaba Group in addition to Pakistan’s Jang Group, Brainchild Communications acquired to the superior levels of the negotiations to accumulate Yayvo and proceeded forward with its due diligence. 

“The possible purchaser put a small value on the enterprise which might have turned a giant loss to TCS on its Yayvo funding,” a supply informed Revenue.  From the yr Yayvo began operations to the time this sale was proposed, TCS, in response to two sources, had invested about Rs2.5 billion in Yayvo. Brainchild Communications was providing solely Rs500 million for 100% of Yayvo, in response to the supply.

Moreover, TCS was unwilling to promote Yayvo below TCS E-Com Pvt Ltd, the corporate which owned the Yayvo model and which was owned by TCS. As an alternative, TCS needed to create a brand new subsidiary to park Yayvo property after which promote that subsidiary. 

Our supply speculates that TCS needed a buyout for Yayvo below this association as a result of TCS had made investments into TCS E-Com Pvt Ltd for Yayvo as loans on TCS’ accounts. 

The creation of a separate objective automobile (SPV) would contain the switch of property to a brand new firm which might finally be offered to an purchaser. The SPV would function a way to divest Yayvo from TCS E-com and shield the latter’s financials as an enormous loss is anticipated on the sale.  

To place it in easier phrases, the guide worth of Yayvo on TCS financials was in extra of what it might have been offered for. Due to this fact, as soon as a sale transaction takes  place, TCS must guide the huge variations as a loss in its books which might haven’t fared effectively with the corporate’s traders and lenders, therefore the necessity to do it via an SPV.

In an earlier report, Revenue lined that TCS owed as a lot as Rs5 billion to banks and different lenders, an quantity that constituted 75% of its capital construction in 2019. Posting a lack of billions of rupees on a portfolio firm would have spooked off its lenders, who can be sceptical of restructuring loans to TCS and reject any new loans. 

Banks often signal covenants whereas lending to company clientele. One such time period in these covenants is profitability which requires debtors to make sure a sure degree of profitability and in the event that they fail to take action, the loans change into repayable instantly. 

The investor, Brainchild Communications, rejected TCS’ association to course of the sale via a subsidiary, as a result of, in response to our supply, Brainchild needed to accumulate Yayvo and current it as a hit story as and the way its trajectory was and lift subsequent rounds. A brand new subsidiary would have eclipsed all of that.

The corporate had additional tried to lift funding from exterior traders however was by no means capable of efficiently full it. In keeping with our supply, the upper administration of the corporate attain superior levels of negotiations with exterior traders to maintain Yayvo, and after commitments from traders, the TCS administration would stall the increase. 

One of many circumstances that the traders put ahead in response to our supply was that traders would ask TCS highups to show over management of Yayvo to an expert administration that understands tech companies similar to eCommerce. 

TCS owned over 95% of TCS E-Com and Yayvo, and this fairness construction didn’t sit effectively with exterior traders. Our supply argued {that a} skilled staff that would have been given the helms to run the corporate couldn’t be adequately compensated on this association. 

Issues had been reported earlier with distributors TCS did deliveries for complaining that launching Yayvo created pure conflicts of curiosity after TCS’ eCommerce enterprise began changing into a contest for eCommerce distributors TCS did deliveries for. 

It has additionally been reported earlier that TCS started utilizing the money it collected on behalf of eCommerce distributors for cash-on-delivery orders and utilizing it to fund its personal working capital requirement, delaying funds by as much as a number of months to distributors who have been owed funds.

In keeping with sources aware of the matter, TCS, again in 2019, owed as a lot as Rs100 million to eCommerce distributors on account of cash-on-delivery funds, which pushed distributors to start out utilizing different supply companies like Leopard Courier, M&P and others, affecting TCS’ eCommerce logistics enterprise.

For the final three years, one other supply which had been affiliated with the corporate, stated that the corporate actually had no development within the final three years.  “They have been paying salaries of all of the employees on a well timed foundation.”

Our supply additional stated that following Mannan’s departure, the highest administration of the corporate confirmed much less enthusiasm in taking the enterprise ahead and regardless of a number of methods and strategies supplied to excessive managers like taking an impairment loss in early days of Yayvo or spinning it off to a special mannequin, the administration confirmed lethargy in taking any resolution. 

The fast impression on TCS from this saga is that the banks will begin inquiring concerning the loans to TCS, in response to a supply, which insinuates that TCS’ troubles might be compounded. “The corporate had proven projections based mostly on which financial institution loans had been restructured, that the corporate [Yayvo] might be doing very well over the subsequent two to 5 years. Now you’ve gotten taken the impairment, no matter rescheduling had been finished, lenders would ask to reverse it,” the supply says. 


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NAB summons Malik Riaz, threatening to unravel £190mn thriller



ISLAMABAD: In what might show to set off the unravelling of some of the clouded and murky webs from the Imran Khan administration, actual property tycoon Malik Riaz Hussain has been served with a call-up from the Nationwide Accountability Bureau (NAB). 

He has been requested to seem earlier than a mixed investigation group of the accountability watchdog at 11 00 AM on the first of December at NAB’s workplaces within the federal capital. The case because of which he has been summoned goes all the best way again to 2019, and entails accusations of bribery, corruption, and kickbacks in opposition to the federal government of former prime minister Imran Khan. 

What’s the case about? 

In 2019, the Nationwide Crime Company (NCA) of the UK agreed to a settlement price £190 million with the household of property tycoon Malik Riaz. The settlement was the most important ever within the historical past of the NCA, and because it was out of court docket, got here with the stipulation that it didn’t “signify a discovering of guilt”. 

To grasp this, the NCA is a nationwide regulation enforcement company within the UK that investigates cash laundering and illicit funds derived from prison exercise within the UK and overseas. If the NCA is investigating a case outdoors of the UK, it returns the stolen cash to the affected state. So if the company is investigating fraud or cash laundering in Pakistan, it should prosecute or make a settlement within the UK and return the cash to the Pakistani authorities. 

That’s what occurred within the case of Malik Riaz. His household had been below a ‘soiled cash’ NCA investigation for some time, which reached its conclusion with the £190 million. Nevertheless, the matter will get murky with the doorway of Particular Assistant to the Prime Minister on Accountability Shahzad Akbar, who apparently on the behest of Malik satisfied the NCA to settle the matter and return the cash to Pakistan. 

On Dec 5, 2019, Mr Akbar introduced at a press convention in Islamabad that £140m had been repatriated to Pakistan, into the Supreme Court docket’s account. When requested how the cash might be transferred to the SC account, he deflected the query saying that the federal government, NCA and Mr Riaz had signed a “deed of confidentiality” which prevented him from elaborating on the matter.

So what occurred to the cash? 

We don’t fairly know, and that is the place the net will get actually intricate. Basically, the accusation is that the £140m that was repatriated to Pakistan after Shahzad Akbar’s intervention with the NCA on behalf of Malik Riaz went straight again into the checking account of the property tycoon. 

After coming to energy, the incumbent PDM authorities accused former prime minister Imran Khan and his spouse Bushra Bibi of accepting billions in money and tons of of kanals of land from Bahria City in return for the assistance that Khan’s authorities gave to Riaz throughout his investigation by the NCA. Inside minister Rana Sanaullah claimed that Bahria City entered an settlement and gave a 458-kanal land with an on-paper worth of Rs 530 million to a belief owned by Imran Khan and Bushra Bibi. The land was donated to Al-Qadir Belief, and the settlement bore signatures of the true property’s donors and Bushra Bibi. 

Sanaullah claimed that Imran’s aide Shehzad Akbar had “settled” the whole case, whereas the Rs 50 billion-which belonged to the nationwide treasury-was adjusted in opposition to Bahria City’s legal responsibility. He stated Imran had acquired a graft of Rs 5 billion as “his share” by Akbar earlier than the case was wrapped. He additional stated that Bahria City, after its Rs 50 billion was protected by the then PTI authorities, had allotted 458 Kanal land with an on-paper worth of Rs 530 million to a belief owned by Imran and his spouse. He additional stated that one other 240 Kanals have been transferred to “Farah Shehzadi” generally referred to as Farah-a shut pal of Bushra Bibi.

It’s these 458-kanals which have now come below the scrutiny of the accountability bureau. Within the call-up discover served to Malik Riaz dated the twenty fourth of November, he has been requested to seem with documentary proof to file his assertion relating to buy of 458 Kanals 04 Marlas 58 sq. toes located in Hadbast No. 77 at Mauza Barkala, Tehsil Sohawa, District Jhelum.

The apex anti-graft physique required Malik Riaz Hussain to current an entire file relating to Equally, he has been requested to supply the deed by which M/s Bahria City donated the above stated land to Al-Qadir Belief alongwith income paperwork. Likewise, particulars of different property/donation (if any) transferred by him, any of his members of the family of M/s Bahria City in favour of Al-Qadir Belief or any of its trustees, whether or not by sale/buy, reward, donation or every other mode. Furthermore, every other related data/file.

“You’re suggested that failing to adjust to this discover, could entail penal penalties as supplied in Part 2 of the schedule of NAO, 1999,” reads the discover. The discover was issued by Muhammad Faisal Qureshi, Extra Director (Workers), NAB Rawalpindi.

NAB had earlier despatched notices to the previous premier Imran Khan’s 21 cupboard members together with Ghulam Sarwar Khan, Murad Saeed, Pervaiz Khattak, Shafqat Mehmood, Shireen Mazari, Ali Haider Zaidi and Hammad Azhar, Dr Shireen Mazari, Shafqat Mahmood, Asad Umar for recording of their statements. NAB additionally summoned Ali Riaz Malik, the son of Malik Riaz who’s the founding father of Bahria City.

NAB additionally summoned Murad Saeed and Ghulam Sarwar Khan on October 11, Pervaiz Khattak and Ali Riaz Malik on October 12, Zubaida Jalal and Hammad Azhar on October 13, Shafqat Mehmood and Shireen Mazari on October 14, Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui and Ejaz Shah on October 17, Ali Amin Gandapur and Farogh Naseem on October 18, Ali Zaidi and Khusro Bakhtiar on October 19, Azam Khan Swati and Asad Umar on October 20, Umar Ayub and Muhammad Mian Somro on October 21, Sheikh Rasheed Ahmed and Fawad Chaudhry on October 24 and Mehboob Sultan and Faisal Vawda October 25 for investigation and recording of statements.

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Has the e-tron’s value truly dropped by Rs20mn ?



LAHORE: Audi Pakistan has revised the costs of its complete e-Tron portfolio downwards after the rise in regulatory obligation the Authorities levied upon it in August has lapsed on twenty first November, 2021. The brand new costs are as follows: 

Nevertheless, are you able to truly purchase an e-tron on the aforementioned charges? Prima facie, sure however realistically it’s lots tougher than it appears. Moreover, why has the regulatory obligation been lowered to start with at a time when default and a international change disaster is the speak of the city? 

Discussing duties 

On twenty second August, the Federal Bureau of Income (FBR) launched Statutory Regulatory Order (SRO) 1571(I)/2022. This was a blanket improve that noticed regulatory duties harmonised throughout all imported autos and set at 100%. The choice had come off the again of, then Finance Minister, Miftah Ismail’s press convention in Islamabad the place he acknowledged “So, the selection is straightforward; we both use that cash to purchase automobiles or wheat. That we purchase cellphones or grain, or residence home equipment, microwaves and air conditioners versus edible oil.” 

The satan is within the particulars and the noteworthy element for the aforementioned SRO is that the regulatory obligation on electrical autos was time sure until the twenty first November. Subsequently, when the obligation did lapse, the regulatory duties relevant on digital autos returned to its pre August price of 10%. Audi Pakistan was thus legally sure to revise its costs downwards or to inform clients that the costs weren’t on account of the regulatory obligation in the event that they caught with the prevailing ones. Audi selected the latter. 

So can you purchase an e-tron at these new charges? Possibly 

Supply schedules and financial forecasts 

Any buyer can undoubtedly go and make a reserving for the Audi e-tron. Nevertheless, Revenue inquired with their native dealership and located that wait occasions at the moment stand at 5 to 6 months relying upon the variant you guide. 

Moreover, in dialog with Arshad Raza, CEO of Premier Motors which is the father or mother of Audi in Pakistan, Revenue found that the corporate is at the moment continues to be within the strategy of taking orders and can seemingly attain out to the State Financial institution of Pakistan 20 days to a month from now to request entry to a letter of credit score to the import the autos. Herein is the issue, the State Financial institution of Pakistan is at the moment rationing international change reserves to all importers. Subsequently, corporations ultimately obtain far fewer letters of credit score than the quantity they request. 

This can drive Audi Pakistan to both take very restricted orders or probably prolong the wait occasions even additional. What are the ramifications of this? Pakistan’s financial state of affairs as of proper now isn’t essentially the most conducive to say the least. The automotive sector specifically has been caught within the eye of the storm by way of each public outrage and heavy handed insurance policies by regulators. Subsequently, it is vitally seemingly if the state of affairs doesn’t enhance then we may see the regulatory obligation spike once more after clients have already made bookings for his or her autos. This may necessitate they pay the distinction. 

Prospects who would need to circumvent the wait time by choosing the second-hand market would discover that every one fashions of the e-tron nonetheless retail for premiums above the aforementioned charges. 

Will the regulatory obligation return? Revenue reached out to the FBR and located that as of proper now they don’t have any plans to rescind their obligation discount. Revenue additionally discovered that the FBR will likely be analysing import information over the previous few months to gauge demand for electrical autos, their income technology potential, and their influence on the international change reserves to make future selections concerning the regulatory obligation. The findings, relying upon the time horizon, are prone to be skewed. 

Electrical car information, for this yr no less than, is prone to present depressed figures because of them being topic to the import ban first after which the regulatory obligation hike. Actual demand forecasting will likely be evident based mostly upon future expectations and demand that the nation witnesses within the months to return. Nevertheless, these imports will likely be coming at a time when the nation will likely be scarce on international change. How the Authorities manages this juxtaposition is anybody’s guess. 

Lastly, the lower within the regulatory obligation may have an immense goal on its again due to electrical mobility being synonymous with the e-tron in Pakistan. “Most clients are regular residents that finance their buy by the financial institution.” Raza instructed Revenue when inquired whether or not the e-tron was restricted to solely the very best revenue strata in Pakistan. Nevertheless, even when Raza may placate onlookers who would maintain completely different views, the native automotive business is prone to be up in arms. 

With non-production days as on a regular basis occurrences, native producers are prone to see this downward revision on the regulatory obligation as a cudgel the Authorities has used towards them compared to the import quotas levied upon them. 

Has anybody truly benefited instantly from the discount within the regulatory obligation then? Revenue did obtain details about a handful of individuals which may have. 

Market chatter 

Revenue acquired info from inside Audi that 4 to 6 e-trons had been cleared by the port and Pakistan Customs between twenty first November and now. These e-trons would have been topic to the previous charges had they been cleared earlier, nonetheless, their timing enabled them to profit from the discount in regulatory obligation now in place. 

When Revenue requested Raza concerning the matter, he responded that “zero” e-trons had been cleared within the aforementioned time interval. If even these handful of individuals didn’t profit from the discount, then will anybody profit from it instantly no less than? We will’t say. Nevertheless, what we will say is that the way forward for imported autos appears to be like to turn out to be ever extra electrical.

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Electrical rickshaws nonetheless awaiting registration nod from Punjab Meeting



LAHORE: The Authorities of Punjab Excise has in precept greenlit the registration of electrical rickshaws by the Punjab Cupboard’s approval of a abstract forwarded to them by Excise Taxation & Narcotics Management Division. The approval, nonetheless, has not manifested into electrical rickshaw producers with the ability to have their automobiles registered as a result of the Punjab Meeting has but to debate the matter regardless of it being an agenda merchandise. 

What’s at stake? 

The crux of the matter revolves across the registration of electrical automobiles inside the provinces. The Punjab Cupboard had approved of the registration of all electrical automobiles on November 18th, nonetheless, you will need to be aware that Pakistan doesn’t indigenously manufacture any electrical automobiles other than electrical rickshaws. Due to this fact, the registration of different electrical automobiles, although urgent, is just not of the identical magnitude as that of rickshaws merely from an industrial coverage standpoint. 

“At the moment the largest hurdle we face is that the provinces should not permitting the registration of electrical three-wheelers. That is fairly weird as there’s a federal electrical coverage in place but our clients nonetheless face registration points.” Ammar Hameed, Director at Sazgaar Engineering Works, advised Revenue. 

There are shut to 1 million three- wheelers manufactured by over 45 vehicle producers in Pakistan, and electrical rickshaws present a possibility to reset your complete market. “Inside combustion engines can’t be transformed to electrical. Easy as that. It’s not a conversion subject. You can not put electrons in a carburetor and say that this can henceforth run on electrical energy. You have to to construct a correct electrical car.” Hasan Mian, Founder and CEO of YES Electromotive, advised Revenue. Nevertheless, for any of the 45 producers to behave on this chance, the Authorities will first want to permit the registration of electrical three wheelers. 

Why does the matter have to be debated by the Punjab Meeting? 

Talking to Revenue Waseem Akram, Director on the Transport Planning Unit within the Punjab Transport Division, defined that the electrical automobiles couldn’t be registered within the provinces as a result of “There isn’t a definition of electrical automobiles within the Motor Automobile Ordinance (1965) and Motor Automobile Rule (1969).” 

Subsequently, the Excise and Taxation Division moved a abstract on the matter to amend the legislation to permit registration. It has been authorized by the Cupboard and is with the Meeting. It’s been marked as an agenda merchandise to the requisite Standing Committee. Will probably be debated upon, after which come again to the Meeting for voting. As soon as authorized, the definition of electrical automobiles will likely be added to the aforementioned laws and thereupon the Punjab Transport Division will subject manufacturing licenses and registration will start.” Akram continued. 

When can we anticipate the Punjab Meeting to debate the matter? “The session can happen at any time. It might occur tomorrow, subsequent month, every time. It’s their prerogative as to once they conduct the session. Akram advised Revenue. “Nevertheless, it’s the precedence of all governments to incentivize all types of electrical automobiles. All of the Departments are doing one thing to advertise electrical automobiles underneath the area of the federal coverage. It might be encouraging for us as nicely to see further producers enter this area.” Akram continued. 

Can electrical rickshaws take off? 

Pursuing electrification within the two and three wheeler markets is a no brainer. It’s value level is such that no one is prepared to purchase an imported two wheeler or three wheeler. I imply besides a really small proportion. We must manufacture these domestically every time we do determine to pursue them. Dr Naveed Arshad, Assistant Professor at LUMS, advised Revenue when requested concerning the matter. 

The electrical three wheeler market is essentially the most ripe market proper now for electrification. You’ll be able to probably convert a big proportion of the standard three wheelers to electrical in a brief span of time.” Arshad continued. 

Can electrical rickshaws take-off in Pakistan’s market then? Learn subsequent week’s version of Revenue Journal on Monday to search out our reply to this query. 

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